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Category ArchiveReflections

What’s your motivational factor?

Let’s take a look this week of the aspects of motivation. I would say motivation is one of the things that really drives me to do something that I want and achieve, it starts from deep within how we look at things and also how the things we look at actually change the perspective that we have. Motivation even starts off when we were infants, we are constantly motivated by our parents to stand up and start walking. Motivation changed as we grew older as we look into a different area that actually motivates us to go further. We had grading systems in schools to motivate us, we had electronic gadgets such as iPads, colourful books and computer games as extrinsic motivation to drive us to do better in school. Then after we graduate and have a job, we look into different aspects of extrinsic motivation such as salary increments, bonuses, nice cars, etc. I would explore the relationship between motivators and motivation and how they could drive our inner passion(intrinsic motivation) and let us carry on doing what we love to do.

Parents as Motivators 

Our question is more about how motivation actually occurs and what elements are important in the area of motivation. If we turn back time a little, do we actually remember or understood how our parents motivated us? Our parents are usually our first line of motivators and educators. They’re the first people to teach us how to eat properly, how to walk and how to speak our first word. They’re always encouraging us to be better people and we often look at them as role models when we’re young. They watch us grow and we watched them aged. They would always be the first to say,”Wow, that looks fantastic” even though we’re not the best artist or writers. Some of us look at what our parents did as a career, and eventually follow the steps of either our mum or dad in career, because we’re reminded constantly on how exciting their career is and how constant reminders such as “Follow your heart” and “Follow your dreams” will always be stuck in our head. We always have a role model in our heart, the first one I could think of are always our own parents.

Technology as Motivators

Technology plays a very huge part of our lives as motivators. It’s just that we did not realise that they were present. Technology as motivators would first begin from the programmers who created your games to keep you playing. Think of the latest Candy Crush or the Role Playing games such as Final Fantasy series to fuel your desire to keep playing the game.  Your extrinsic motivation varies in technology, it can be small rewards such as a virtual medal, or progressions for harder challenges in games. Technology can bridge the connection to fuel our desire for motivation, it acts as a channel to drive motivation and also allow your friends/peers/family to recognise your hard work and dedication to the things you love most. It is also the reason why gamifications are popular means of education to drive the motivation of our learners of today and to make them learn more effectively.

Peers/friends as motivators

When we think of friends and colleagues as motivators, we fundamentally explore intrinsic motivation through our entire lives. In each stage of our lives, we find people who continually fuel our intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. We have our friends during our younger days who would ask us for a football game, to constantly say small little things during games like,”Nice skills”, “Well done”. They could also be discouraging us by giving us the jeers, but these are fundamentals in driving us forward and making progress even faster and better. As we advance in our careers, we might stumble upon people who will motivate you from all walks of life. I knew many who dared to risk it all and start a business by themselves. Some of them ventured into climbing mountains, some started a food business without any prior knowledge and some even tried a coffee joint for the first time. I felt that these people are inspiring, so do talk to them to find that element that resonates with you best!

Significant Other(SO) as Motivators

The one that you would want to spend your entire life with, your husband or wife out there. They are your pillar of support and your interaction revolves around them every day. They will bring you to new heights, help you to do things you would have never imagined doing. I have a wife whom I ask for support and strength each day, and I would say she’s my main source of motivation to carry on strong each day.

As a conclusion, I’ve placed a card that you could print it out and paste it at your office or home as a source of motivation.

Educating for an authentic experience?

I went to the EduTech Conference which was held in Suntec Convention Centre, Singapore. It was a learning experience and gaining perspectives from different k-12 to tertiary levels.

I first begin with a perspective from Darling Hammond about classrooms being an unpredictable swampland. I strongly felt the messiness and complexity of every class that a teacher conducts, and the diversity of culture that a classroom offers. There were great insights when ideas from various Presenters across the education industry. I could see the value of students participating in conferences and interacting with visitors and delegates. Here are some samples of pictures that I took during the conference showing different uses of technology incorporated into learning.

Noticeably for me, I had gathered some insights about the conference that:

  • CEOs as faculty – CEOs from various industries will be sharing with the students and providing some insights to them. The lecturer will then be facilitating the session based on the lecture previously.
  • Students as collaborators – This is building upon Tony Wagner’s idea of collaboration and introducing students to create artefacts together. Are we ready to do away with risk avoidance and allow students to make mistakes to learn more effectively?
  • Neurotechnology- the impact it has on education and how it downplays studies like visual learners through brain scans.
  • 3D printing for the real world where people can use it in their museum. it was the notion of creating actual replicas that were usable in the real world context in education. It further blurs the line between virtual and physical items in learning.
  • Drone flying – incorporating drone flying in order to take pictures of hard to reach places, studying wildlife, etc. I was pretty inspired by ideas from the following link by HuffingtonPost too.
    Getting teacher/educators ready?
  • Delegates collaborating together – This offers diverse perspectives and cultural backgrounds for effective learning and sharing opportunities.

Impactful Insights

Then I reflected upon presentation from Mary George Cheriyan from Raffles Girls School where she discussed the development of professionalism in Teachers. The speaker took some ideas from John Dewey, highlighting the following:

  • Reflective practices that are enthusiastic, the dedication that is placed into intentionally changing the way teaching is conducted.
  • Awareness of the implication of what is not set or not set in the classroom. I would definitely agree how context really matters in a classroom.
  • Recognising the open-mindedness, so it’s about reframing the mind to become better in teaching. It is to consider alternative possibilities to see what works and what doesn’t really work. I would think of it as picking fresh fruits and discard fruits that have turned bad.

There must also be a comfortable culture of sharing and openness. This is to share good practices to see how things work. Teachers are allowed to have safe environments to share, to question what works and what doesn’t. Do teachers even dare to collaborate with students to discuss and work on new ideas. I reflect upon my work experiences and felt the importance of collaboration between peers. Without collaboration, there might not be any negotiation and exchange of ideas. This was predominantly seen It is putting them in charge of things that matter to them. However, we must be mindful of an Echo chamber effect, especially when the people have been communicating about the issue for a long period of time. There might be some areas where teachers compromise what is really critical that happens in the classroom. The key points about freshness imply how important how diverse teaching could help students learn more effectively and not get bored with many teachers doing things the same way.

During the EduSlam sessions I had, there were varieties of sharings and real collaboration taking place. As an administrator from the teaching and learning segment, there were varieties of experiences such as faculty-driven research collaboration projects and capstone projects that were shared during the session. The discussions were so intense, but possibilities of portfolio creation for both teachers and students are finally being realised. It finally sets the stage where I can envision video resumes really coming true and making students becoming more employable because of the initiative that the students made in the first place.

Beyond just entertainment, creating a gamification experience with an educational purpose behind it. It requires a structural process in development, coupled with lots of time and resources spent on developing this virtual world and taking students feedback into consideration during these developmental stages.  It is incremental yet student-centric, considering all the authentic experiences that are placed in the design and development stage. But I’m encouraged by the fruits that were reaped from the sharing by Dr Kevin Yap from National University of Singapore(NUS) by what it has provided to the students who were learning pharmaceutical. There were fun experiences to learn where you can get experts in during lectures to leverage on their technical expertise. Facilitating the session after the dialogue has completed. There are possible win-win situations that will benefit both the faculty member and the industry partners. Students benefit from industry experts and are facilitated by a faculty after that helps to deepen learning.

Building the Student-centered learning experiences

For my experience, it was completed with some makerspace fun courtesy of Info-communications Media Development Authority (IMDA). I was learning some fundamentals of microbit technology and what it could possibly offer for me as an educator/administrator and many other endless possibilities. There are so many possibilities in letting students create and experiment, reflecting on the experiences that they had previously.

Put students in front and let them help you in making the learning experiences better. No matter what levels are we educating them at, regardless of k12 and higher education, it is recognising that they can take ownership of their own educational needs. It was demonstrated through the Stamford American International school, showing how they could bring audiences for a Google Expedition. Even from local aspects, placing robotics and coding experiences through micro-bits are really helpful in helping students solve real-world problems. Creating crazy solutions and really tinkering with examples from different educational levels that offers wireless switches in home appliances to mini-games, moisturiser detectors and pancake flippers. These are generally allowing students to go in depth and look for solutions to support the problem. This includes getting water pumps and thinking about how the appliances can be switched on/off.
Small and incremental changes are readily happening everywhere around the world. It was also possible through flipped classrooms, where physics and Newton’s Law was brought through the lens of a movie, Interstellar. Inquiry questions and probing students, scaffolding new concepts one by one as the class gets guided by a facilitator. For example, you could begin asking a simple question of why is the ship being drawn to the black hole to scaffolding it into a question about what is exactly a black hole based on what the class has understood about gravity. These are small steps that students will take, and allow them to fail and get it wrong are very important in a classroom setting. This is because the classroom creates affordances for failures, opportunities to learn from mistakes. It is also argued by Tony Wagner during the conference when he highlights how people remember things better through mistakes.

From Bryan Alexander’s perspective, it was about students becoming prosumers, obtaining IP rights to products that were created by them. They are owners of new and incremental products that are developed constantly. Students will be sharing their stories(successes/failures) online and demonstrating it through digital storytelling. There will be a wealth of knowledge that are available for people to learn and react to. These students will be producers of many multimedia resources that they can tap on. The collaboration will be valued over individual effort, as teams are able to communicate and collaborate more effectively in this manner.

I conclude my word vomits (inspired by the digital storytelling workshop) with a thought for me to think about:

  • what are the implications of redesigning assessment? Do we need grades ultimately?
  • How should competency-based assessment be redesigned?
  • Are students ready for a student-centric learning experience? If not, how could we encourage them and bring them onboard?
  • Are we being inclusive in education?

And I tried digital storytelling from one of the software that I was recommended to use. It allowed me to type in my inputs and customised characters!

How are you from the past to the future.

Dear Son,

This is your dad, writing this so you could take a look in 10 years and understand if this blog is still around. I’m using a MacBook if it still exists in 10 years time, or typing away on my iPhone to make this as meaningful as possible. I’m not Howard Stark who could give you a formula to success. I’m just a dad who wants the best for you. We certainly love you dearly and as much as we could. I’ll be your best friend for a while, the one to keep you company. The one to read you some bedtime stories so you could sleep better. Your mum or I would also be the one who tugs you to bed when you feel uncomfortable, alongside with your mum. I’m sure your mum thinks the very same way as I do. We’ll be there until you slowly fade off and find your friends and clique to hang out with.

How’s the world like now?

It’s in the midst of change. We’re all changing in a world. We call it:

Change is always a constant

You’ll live in a world that automation is on its way, we’re not in a world where robots will take over the world. It’s more like they will take over mundane work(boring work). We’re in an aging population, where many of people similar to mum and I will be working through old age, slowly seeing retirement fade off our eyes. Barbara Kingsolver once said:

The world shifts under our feet, the rules change. Not the Bill of Rights, or the rules of tenting, but the big unspoken truth of generations.

Everything is so easily accessible now my Son. You could get a taxi by clicking a few buttons and even know how many minutes will it take to arrive. We live in a world so connected that I could still see you even when I’m overseas. In Mark Zuckerberg’s recent Harvard speech:

You are graduating to a world that needs purpose, it is up to you to create it..

He challenges not only you, but both mum and I to take on New challenges. So, be afraid to fail not once, twice, thrice maybe a thousand times. As many times as you can to reach what you aspire to do. I hope one of us could be a pleasant role model to you,

We’re in a tiny red dot, we need more grit, determination and understand that every of us in whatever age you may be, there will still be setbacks that will prevent you from moving forward. But your mum and I will try our best to mould you into what you are and want to be. So whatever we give, we always offer the best like what parents usually do. If we can’t and as you age, try to understand why it is so.

How’s school?

Schools will be digitally enabled. There will be a variation of technology such as augmented reality and virtual reality for you to experience. Examinations may not require teachers to administer examinations. You might be sitting in front of a computer to take your test and examinations. The people around the world are all trying to make it better all for you. The Teachers in schools are working very hard for your future. So do respect them, as they are trying hard to impart mathematics, science, English or Mandarin to you. Don’t be disheartened when your grades are bad at times, we’ll try to find ways to improve on your weakness. I had times where I felt I worked pretty hard but still failed somehow. It might have been the way I studied last time.

I’m not sure how homework is going to evolve, will it be meaningful work and not mindless problem solving such as spotting keywords in mathematic questions that will get you distinctions. We will find out as we work it out together. I’m sure your teacher will know what’s best for you. Sometimes both of us maybe upset at how things turn out, how you might think homework is irrelevant and unnecessary and rather engage with the latest video games, toys and gadgets. Mum and I will then be upset and may start scolding or nagging because you chose ‘entertainment’ over seriousness. Do understand we are upset at you not for the moment, but for your long and bright future ahead of you. There are many careers choices and things that we wish you could do to help the world be better to live in. We love you, and that’s why we chose to intervene instead of leaving you alone.

We’ll bring you to places that you could try out the career that you aspire. Will you be a doctor, lawyer, teacher or a programmer? I’m not really sure too. But whatever you want to achieve, go all out to get it for us. We’ll be proud of you when you reach there, we’ll also support you at the lowest point of your life.

We’re your full time coach and mentor to overcome the smallest or biggest problems you face. When we’re not, gather up your strength and overcome it. Cause you know there are times we want you to be independent. Don’t despair if you wonder why you can’t always get the sleekest and best toys at times. Sometimes you just have to earn it. There are many things you should treasure more than just toys.

There will be lots of digital tools for you to experience the world around you by the time you’re in school. You will be immersed in 3D technology, playing with virtual items more often than your toys at home.

Don’t worry, there will be time for you to see nature, smell the breeze near the beach and feel the wind passing through the pores of your face. My Son, many friends of yours will forget this experience and only recall the fun and excitement technology offers them.

Your friends, choose them well. For some will lead you astray, some will lift you up when you are down. Friends are important as you collaborate in projects, work together to solve a problem. Play in a Soccer team that you love. Hang out after school and reflect on how fun it was. Work alone and you achieve your goal, but work together and achieve a miracle together.

Discover new things with your friends And both of us, it will help you learn a lot better. Treasure your childhood like how your mum and I did, these are important moments in your journey, to make meaning in your life. There are lessons to learn from your peers, friends and people you communicate with.

Lastly, don’t give up on whatever you strive to do, even if the whole world goes against your thoughts. I take one of the finest quotes from Steve Jobs during his 2005 Stanford Commencement Speech:

Stay Hungry, Stay foolish.

Persuing further education perspectives

There are 2 perspectives that I felt as I progressed in education. It was kind of expected to me, but it sort of formulated as time progresses and I had the ability to write out my thoughts. It sums up my first few thoughts of 2017 as Jan comes to a close. It was a really difficult journey as time progresses, but I certainly feel I had the wits and grit to move on this journey that will possibly end by 2019 or 2020. I hope to look back at this post and say I done it!1


Learning advancements, what it means to you?

Learning has advanced significantly, with progressions from e-learning to mobile learning(m-learning). It also provided new perspectives such as adaptive and micro learning as well. We look towards solving the mysteries of learning gaps and see how technology can provide a brand new look to education.

360 degrees perspective

Virtual reality will provide an immersive experience to feel and touch the world around. This was similar to how microsoft introduce hololens that virtualised a real world. By igniting more senses from the learner, we are able to learn and retain the knowledge that maybe used in future. Similar to the research done by Richardson(1994), providing opportunities for learners to see, perform the task and discuss about it, allows the learning process to be further enhanced.

We can also look towards facebook to provide a 360 degree view of things using their camera. This will provide a new experience of viewing a picture, not only looking at it from a 2D perspective, but a 3D one that is highly interactive. There will be greater opportunities for simulations to provide experiential learning experiences for learners that are highly engaging in nature. Educators can look forward to making learning more authentic and memorable for learners to experience.

AI, the helping hand

As AI progress significantly, we will see a new form of learning happening in the mobile platform. Adaptive learning provided us the context of contextualising information or knowledge that the learner requires. This addressed not only the performance gap between workplace and the education received during the tertiary education, but also small bits of knowledge that allowed learners to perform a task more efficiently. We’ll get personalised learning from constantly obtaining data from learners, analysing the gaps from mistakes that were made from previous assignments and quizzes.

In a futuristic context, we look our for new possibilities of adaptive learning. There will be a time where a large amount of data collected by learning systems that will create responses that are similar to an experience of coaching a human like interaction.

In conclusion, we see a rapid advancement in technology these days. It provides education with lots of potential to progress. At the same time, it unlocks a brand new set of skills that the educator is required to possess. The largest potential is how education can be further personalised to suit each learner and allow them to learn not only anywhere and any time, but also relevant and just in time.


John G. Richardson. Learning Best Through Experience: http://www.joe.org/joe/1994august/a6.php
Microsoft Hololens, Verge
Facebook 360degrees camera, Verge
Knerds on the Board: What is Adaptive Learning

Why Multi-modality for lessons are important?

Everyone has a different style of processing information. When we link it up with the word multimodality, defined in wikipedia as follows:

Multimodality describes communication practices in terms of the textual, aural, linguistic, spatial, and visual resources – or modes – used to compose messages.

Multimodality is a difficult approach to achieve, especially when the teacher is still new to the field and also trying to understand the different learning styles of the students. Let’s explore the potentials and benefits that it will give us.

ARCs infused multimodality

When combined with different aspects from Keller’s ARCs model, teachers can look for approaches of getting student’s attention through challenging questioning techniques and storytelling. If a concept is too dry to teach, bring in a story to explain the concepts of why it is important and how it allows the person in the story to benefit from this theory. Bringing in real world experiences are techniques that allow students to understand better. Another aspect would be bringing them to the understand the journey they will be going through as they are learning the subjects, and what it will be brought to their working careers or further education.

Ride the technology wave

This has got to be the most common sentence you have been hearing for the past few years. Riding the technology wave means taking advantage of technology that provides you multi modality. Teachers must take advantage of this to manage the student’s individual assignments and project he/she has. Placing learning solutions on various social media platforms including YouTube or even facebook. This provide the students an multiple avenues to learn and consult the teacher when they are in doubt or confused about a theory. Because we cannot assume all students learn at the same pace, providing an avenue for students give them opportunities to ask queries that they are not comfortable asking and also to gauge the entire class’ understanding of a concept.

Learning paced for students

When the constraint begins during the learning process, the difficulty in absorbing a concepts rises. For example, when restrictions are imposed on an individual learner, learning difficulty arises. If a student finds it difficult to understand a mathematical formula, there are high chances where he/she might stop listening and lose your attention.
There are two simple approaches you may take.

  1. if you find that most of your students are feeling restless, get them to stand up and talk to the other person on what was just learnt.
  2. simplify your complex formulas and break them down to micro concepts.

Triple nag the students

Repeating the same concept within a short span of time allows students to remember a concept better. The method involves repeating the same exact words 3 times. For example, “we must reduce our electronics wastage in the world.” Take that and repeat it 3 times. See if your learners can remember the concept. Bear in mind that this method has to be repeated constantly after you have completed the sentence. It must also be short enough for you to remember the same exact phrase.

Concluding it all

In conclusion, there are different varieties that will suit teachers’ personality and character. If the methods don’t work for you, try another one. Never be afraid of failure and what it does to you. Move on and learn from the mistakes you made if you did it wrongly.


Multimodality – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multimodality

Keller’s ARCs model -http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/learning/id/arcs_model.html

Picture courtesy of www.freedigitalphotos.net – http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/images/ct-scan-of-brain-and-base-of-skull—bone-window–photo-p416602

How you can reconstruct knowledge?

Piaget’s focus was on human development through the experiencing. Ideally, a person can learn a skill better through interaction by their own. The interaction between the object and the person brings other experiences closer to him, thus the skills and knowledge are strengthened. The interaction brings about prior knowledge and similar experiences which builds a new one. The individual will continuously improve and become better through these interactions.

Fast forward, this theory has been used significantly used in our core subjects such as mathematics, english and science. It’s usually associated when an educators tries to relate something familiar and link it close to the concept that he/she is trying to bring across. Piaget allowed all of us to see light from different angles, relate different concepts  with different subject. He allowed us to reflect on questions through provocative questions. What was it that made James want to brave through the forest himself despite the number of predators in that region?

Constructivism is an element where you can build stories where your students by allowing them to experience a concept. For example, gathering the students together and asking them relevant questions such as “How do you think James might prevent any predators from attacking him?”. These questions might trigger the thoughts and experiences of the individual and make them reflect further on the concepts that they are to learn.

We moved on to the 21st century, where the presence of social media and networks have benefitted learning in tremendous ways. People now spend time on trying new recipes by watching and replicating the actions of the chef on the video. People spend time interacting with other peers from across the globe to understand different perspective of history and to find out top 10 hidden mysteries in the world. What is valuable in today’s context will be providing a platform that students themselves can record their experiences to share it around the world. They can create more interactive mode of engaging their students through creating videos and animations. Using barristar learns, you’re able to achieve creative methods of presenting yourself online, you’ll be accessible anywhere and anytime. Make your students learn and create something that is relevant to the new world.

They could also experience the world through 360degree photos where they can interact around.

Here’s an example of a 360 degree photo.

Courtesy of www.AirPano.com

In conclusion, the world is evolving and constructing itself in many ways. Look forward to innovative and exciting ways for your students to experience! You might not know what experience you have provided for your students.

Image: Google, inhabitat

Being Charlie Brown

Being Charlie Brown, innocent and a deep thinker. Inspired from the Peanuts movie.


Barristar E portfolio Design

The development of the E-Portfolio course will be guided by 2 aspects of learning design. It is further discussed in the area below to witness the relevance of both learning objectives and the Universal Design for Learning (UDL)

Solidifying the learning objectives

Learning objectives are crucial in the design and development of learning content. Provide the ‘signpost’ for learners to know what they are in for, and what they have to look out for in the learning content is important. It also means that the objectives must be concise and precise, and even with the wide variety of learners, the learning objectives will still be met. Learning objectives are also set at a higher level in Bloom’s taxonomy for them to achieve the outcome of application as the end result, with understanding and remembering as the scaffolding process. This scaffolding process will be built upon micro bits of learning with consumable bite-size materials in the learning content. All learning contents are granular and the order of learning does not have to be sequential, learners are able to achieve a learning outcome without the foundation of understanding another topic. The learning objectives are also competency based, with processes to support its outcome. It also allows me as the designer to be guided by the learning objectives and the learners to be guided by them.

Guided by the Universal design for Learning (UDL)

The universal design for learning will be the guiding principles of this course-ware that is developed.  This purpose of developing such a course-ware is to reach out to students who are unable to afford a proper course and wish to develop themselves further, to stand out from the rest of the crowd. There are considerations during the design phrase, as learners maybe widely diverse as the intention and the target audience of this course-ware was built for anyone who has accessibility to the Internet. It is also built for the under-privileged, where they are unable to show the skills and knowledge that they possess. The design recognises the limitation and barriers such as language and images, and aims to build upon universal languages such as pictures and presentations carefully curated on the Internet to be brought into this course-ware. The aim is to reduce the barrier to learning, start from a gentle curve to a steeper one as learners are guided fully at the start and autonomy is given to them at a later stage. The design recognises the growth and emergence of E-Portfolio and builds upon the possibility of having 90% of the World’s Population having an E-Portfolio. Three principles of the Universal Design of Learning is discussed in the Design Stage.

Expression – Expressions can be provided via reflections, assignments that can be provided to them. Reflections need not be an essay at the start, but it can be bits of information that needs to be pieced together to form a reflection for the course. Instant Feedback can be given to people so weak areas can be addressed. Guidance can be important at the initial stage of the course, and autonomy will be given to students as they progress in learning. Different difficulty levels of assignment can be given to students to acknowledge their understanding levels.

Engagement – Providing content for learners does not allow learning to take place, but having learning activities that are beneficial to the students are crucial in this aspect. It allows the learners to engage in the content that they have. In addition, provide provocative questions allows them to think the process through, and question the areas that they are working on. Different modes of engaging the students via quizzes, self reflection, use of pen and paper, quick notes function will be essentials of this course to promote engagement. It is about giving the learners an area to make mistakes and learn from them.

Representation – The  use of different medias, including videos,infographics, examples that are relevant to the learners. A mixed amount of text, images and videos will be sufficient to educate the student without overpowering content. Learning content must not only be interactive, it will also be engaging in different modes of expression. Different videos that discusses about an E-Portfolio are ways of using different representation to reinforce the knowledge and provide a better understanding for the learner. Assessments and quizzes that are packaged in various formats will allow the learners to understand the fundamentals at an early stage, and build upon the knowledge that they have gained to become self sufficient.


Universal Design for Learning. http://www.udlcenter.org/


Reflections after creation of OJT checklist

Clearly, one of the hardest training to implement in my opinion was OJT, which stands for On the Job Training. It’s because one of the area that we focus so much on are how operations can fully benefit from training using this method. Conventionally, a full scale classroom training would have been recommended for most scenarios, but due to manpower shortages, schedules and deadlines to be met, an OJT methodology submerged to allow operations team to benefit from a real world setting from training. One of the things I started with was actually planning out the training materials that would be used for OJT.

Ever wonder what’s the real life benefits and what it offers:

  1. Real life and close to the day to day job operations
  2. Segmented training( It can be delivered in different areas and different timings)
  3. Better Learner absorption through real life scenarios and linking through their prior experience( close to constructivism)
  4. Learners can reflect on their learning.

In addition, I do feel that the limitations of these system include:

  1. Disruptive to the day to day operations(Really disruptive)
  2. Timing of the training must be planned pretty well
  3. Proper documentation has to be in place(Or else no tracking systems are present)
  4. It can be dangerous for certain industries that require safety procedures to be in place.
  5. Certain scenarios might not be achievable unlike in a classroom setting.

The planning and segregation of resources

I would say it’s challenging to do a method for OJT, but it isn’t that difficult to do if you plan out the resources carefully. During it’s planning and initial stage, keep in mind these factors:

  1. Understand fully the training materials and the training that will be provided
  2. Understand from the SME and management what are the important areas that must be focused on.
  3. Segment the training carefully so as to minimise disruptions at all cost.
  4. Go through the procedures and constantly reflect on the processes.

The Process Flow

The process flow begins with identifying the purpose for creating this checklist and the audience that will be involved in this OJT process. These two are important elements in defining how the documents will be created. A training needs analysis can be created to supplement the information required. If time permits, an exhaustive learner analysis will be great to develop in order to understand the learner’s understanding level of the topic based on a few aspects:

  1. Total experience working in the industry.
  2. Learner’s educational level
  3. Other aspects such as age
  4. Learners’ Current Skills/knowledge

In the design aspects, I’ll concentrate on creating developing the learning outcomes based on the learner’s analysis. As I’m developing the materials for a Train-the-trainer concept, I must bear in mind the responsibilities that each trainer have to bear in future. a careful approach on the learner analysis would have brought me to consider language as an important factor in my design.  That is to make the language as simple and clear as possible. The other consideration would be clear instructions at the start of the document so users can remember how to use it even after a training session has been conducted.

In the development phase, the focus will switch towards developing the instructions in the use of this training method. It also ensures that the development of the content is targeted towards the learning outcomes that were set in the design phase. Iterations would be done after the implementation/evaluation phase where the description of each learning outcome will be evaluated. 

In the implementation and evaluation phase,  documentations for improvements are suggested so as to streamline this OJT checklist process. Each iteration of implementation would allow me to go back to the drawing board to review the process.

A sample of the diagram flow is shown below.